Spanish exports of fresh fruits and vegetables stood at 12,704 million and 12.6 million tonnes in 2017, representing an increase of 1% in value and 0.5% in volume with regard to the previous year, according to data from the General Directorate of Customs.
Exports of spanish fruit saw an increase of 3.6% in volume and 1.3% in value, standing at 7.4 million tonnes and 7,437 million euros. Citrus fruits were the main fruits sold abroad, followed by stone fruit and berries (including strawberries), and also important volumes of melon and watermelon. In 2017, the increase in berries, especially raspberries, stood out with 45,809 tonnes (+ 21%) worth 346 million euros (+ 12.3%) and blueberries, with 46,510 tonnes (+ 27.4%) and 274.7 million euros (+ 5.5%). In stone fruit , the main exported species, peaches, saw an increase of 12%, with 453,550 tonnes, the value falling by 2.4%, totalling 376 million euros, while nectarine exports stood at 468,445 tonnes ( + 13%) and 418.4 million euros (+ 3%). It also highlights the progression of persimmon, with 214,904 tonnes (+ 10%) and 191 million euros (+ 4%) and avocado, with 107,006 tonnes (+ 16.7%) and 304 million euros (+ 23.4%). In pome fruit, the strong growth of pears stands out with 119,000 tonnes (+ 29.4%) and 93 million euros (+ 21.5%), while apples have fallen, with 123,086 tonnes (-3.6%) and 84.8 million euros (-14.5%).
In 2017, vegetable exports decreased by 3.7%, totalling 5.1 million tonnes and the value increased by 1%, amounting to 5,267 million euros. The main vegetables exported were tomatoes with 809,527 tonnes (-11%) and 1,003 million euros (+ 3.7%), lettuce with 761,905 tonnes (+ 1.4%) and 662.8 million euros (+1.2 %), peppers with 686,558 tonnes (-2.1%) and 954 million euros (+ 2.5%), cucumbers, with 626,689 tonnes (-0.7%) and 566.2 million euros (+3.4%) and cabbages with 446,895 tonnes (-4%) and 479.5 million euros (+ 4.8%).
By destinations, the EU accounted for 93% of sales abroad of the Spanish fruit and vegetable sector , with 11.7 million tonnes and 11,760 million euros, almost the same figures as in 2016, with a growth of non-EU exports of 4% in volume and 3% in value, totalling 830,642 tonnes and 944 million euros, respectively, with Brazil being the primary destination of this group of countries, and particularly positive behaviour in Canada, with 68.6 million euros (+ 20%) and Saudi Arabia, with 58.2 million euros (+ 14%).
The main exporting autonomous communities were Andalusia, with 3.9 million tonnes, the same volume as in 2016, with a value of 4,914 million euros (+ 5%), the Autonomous Community of Valencia with 3.7 million tonnes (-2%) and 3,435 million euros, the same amount as in 2016, and Murcia with 2.5 million tonnes, the same volume as the previous year, for a value of 2,429 million euros (-2%). Catalonia also stands out with one million tonnes (+ 7%) and 862.8 million euros, the same value as in 2016, Aragón with 201,783 tonnes (+ 11%) and 175.8 million euros, the same value as in 2016 and Extremadura with 153,875 tonnes (-7%) and 169.5 million euros (-5%), bearing in mind that production of fruit and vegetables is present in all autonomous communities.
With regard to imports in 2017, the growing trend of recent years continues, with 6% in volume and 8.6% in value, totalling 3 million tonnes and 2,526 million euros.